Elevations of factor IX (FIX) are thought to contribute to thrombotic risk, but this has not been well characterized. We retrospectively sought to determine whether elevated FIX levels are a risk factor for thrombosis in 81 adult subjects younger than 65 years (mean, 47 years) who were referred for evaluation of a hypercoagulable state.
Patients were classified by arterial transient ischemic attack/stroke (TIA/stroke, n = 62) or venous thromboembolism (VTE, n = 19) events. FIX activity testing was performed on all 81 subjects and a reference group of 40 healthy individuals.
Thirteen (21%) of 62 subjects with TIA/stroke and 5 (26%) of 19 subjects with VTE had elevated FIX activity. Odds ratios for TIA/stroke and VTE in subjects with elevated FIX activity were 3.7 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.76-17.65) and 6.8 (95% CI, 1.18-39.07), respectively.
Our findings suggest an association between elevated FIX levels and both arterial and venous thrombotic events.