Infectious gastroenteritis is caused by various pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, and parasites.
To compare the performance of Seegene Allplex Gastrointestinal (24 targets: 13 bacteria, 5 viruses, and 6 parasites in 4 panels), Luminex xTAG Gastrointestinal Pathogen Panel (15 targets: 9 bacteria, 3 viruses, and 3 parasites), and BD MAX Enteric panel (5 bacteria and 3 parasites). We estimated the agreement among 3 molecular assays.
A total of 858 stool samples (554 bacterial/parasite and 304 viral pathogens) were included. A consensus positive/negative was defined as concordant results from at least 2 tests. To evaluate the agreement among the assays, κ value was calculated.
The overall positive percentage agreements of Seegene, Luminex, and BD MAX were 94% (258 of 275), 92% (254 of 275), and 78% (46 of 59), respectfully. For , Luminex showed low negative percentage agreement because of frequent false positives (n = 31) showing low median fluorescent intensity. For viruses, positive/negative percentage agreements of Seegene and Luminex were 99%/96% and 93%/99%, respectively. Compared with routine microbiology testing, Seegene, Luminex, and BD MAX additionally identified 39, 40, and 12 pathogens, respectively. Sixty-one cases (16 cases with Seegene, 51 cases with Luminex, and 1 case with BD MAX) showed positive results for multiple pathogens, but only 3 were consensus positive.
These multiplex molecular assays appear to be promising tools for the detection and identification of multiple gastrointestinal pathogens simultaneously. However, careful interpretation of positive results for multiple pathogens is required.