ESR1 and GREB1 fusions have recently been described in uterine tumor resembling ovarian sex cord tumor (UTROSCT). Thus far, recurrences have been documented in a subset of those harboring GREB1 fusions, but not in those with ESR1 rearrangements. Here we describe the clinicopathologic features of 3 recurrent UTROSCTs with striking rhabdoid morphology (an unusual feature of these tumors overall) and ESR1-NCOA2 fusions. The patients were 32, 37, and 54 years at initial diagnosis and first recurrence occurred at 7, 9, and 32 years. The primary tumors (available in two cases) were centered in the myometrium and showed infiltrative borders. They predominantly grew in sheets and cords, but also had a pseudopapillary appearance. Cells were uniformly epithelioid with eccentric nuclei, prominent nucleoli, abundant eosinophilic globular/glassy (rhabdoid) cytoplasm, and infrequent mitoses (≤4/10 high-power fields [HPFs]). Recurrences were morphologically identical to the primary tumors, but demonstrated brisk mitotic activity (≥16/10 HPFs). The third tumor (with only recurrences available) had multiple patterns, including diffuse, corded, trabecular, and a focal retiform growth. Rhabdoid cells were conspicuous, but only comprised ~50% of the tumor, and mitoses numbered up to 2/10 HPFs. All tumors were strongly and diffusely positive for WT1, CAM5.2, ER, and PR, but negative for inhibin. Diffuse calretinin and desmin expression, as well as focal melan-A positivity, was noted in one tumor, but was negative in the others. In all 3 tumors, INI-1 and BRG-1 were retained, and ESR1-NCOA2 fusions were detected by targeted RNA sequencing. This study is the first to highlight an association between UTROSCTs with extensive rhabdoid differentiation, ESR1-NCOA2 fusions, and aggressive behavior. UTROSCTs are considered neoplasms of uncertain malignant potential, but have a benign course in most cases. Thus, it is important to be aware of these specific features and recommend long-term follow-up due to their propensity for late recurrences.