The burden of chronic kidney disease in Indigenous Australians is 7.3 times higher than that of non-Indigenous Australians. If chronic kidney disease is detected early and managed, deterioration in kidney function can be reduced. Urine albumin to creatinine ratio is a key marker of early renal damage.
To report on 16 years of analytic quality of urine albumin to creatinine ratio testing on Siemens DCA devices enrolled in the national Quality Assurance for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Medical Services point-of-care testing program.
Quality Assurance for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Medical Services participants are required to test 2 quality assurance samples each month across two 6-monthly testing cycles per year. Participants also test 2 quality control samples monthly.
The percentage of urine albumin, creatinine, and albumin to creatinine ratio results for quality assurance point-of-care testing that were within assigned allowable limits of performance averaged 96.9%, 95.9%, and 97.5%, respectively. The percentage acceptable quality control results for urine albumin and creatinine averaged 93.5% and 86.8%. The median imprecision for urine albumin, creatinine, and albumin to creatinine ratio quality assurance testing averaged 5.5%, 4.1%, and 3.3%, respectively, and the median within-site imprecision for quality control testing averaged 5.4%, 4.3%, and 5.7%, respectively, for the low sample and 4.0%, 4.1%, and 4.5%, respectively, for the high sample.
For 16 years the DCA system has proven to be reliable and robust and operators at Aboriginal medical services have demonstrated they are able to conduct point-of-care testing for urine albumin to creatinine ratio that consistently meets analytic performance standards.