C-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CCR4) proteins are expressed on the neoplastic cells of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). As the mutation status of CCR4 gene is reported to correlate with significant clinical information such as prognosis and response to mogamulizumab, we aimed to establish a screening method that is suitable for clinical laboratory tests.
In 34 patients with ATLL, CCR4 mutation analysis, high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis, fragment analysis, and direct sequencing were performed using both genomic DNA and complementary DNA (cDNA). Furthermore, 38 cases of asymptomatic carriers of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) were screened for CCR4 mutation.
Mutation analysis by direct sequencing of 34 ATLL clinical samples detected CCR4 mutation in four genomic DNA samples and seven cDNA samples, and two novel mutations were identified. All CCR4 mutations detected by direct sequencing were positive for HRM analysis and/or fragment analysis. CCR4 mutation was not detected in the asymptomatic carriers of HTLV-1.
CCR4 mutation screening by a combination of HRM and fragment analysis using cDNA is a simple and practical method, and it will contribute to better decision making for a therapeutic strategy, providing a rapid CCR4 mutational status to clinicians.