Female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin (FATWO) is an extremely rare gynecologic neoplasm of low malignant potential. Fewer than 90 cases of this entity have been described in the English-language literature. It is presumed to be derived from mesonephric (Wolffian) duct remnants in the upper female genital tract. We provide a literature review to increase awareness of this extremely uncommon entity.
To review the clinical and pathologic findings of FATWO and to discuss common entities in the differential diagnosis.
The study involved PubMed (National Center for Biotechnology Information, Bethesda, Maryland) searches, including multiple review articles, case reports, retrospective studies, selected book chapters, and University of Mississippi Medical Center cases.
FATWO can affect patients from a wide age range and present with a nonspecific clinical presentation. It typically presents as solid tumors with occasional nodular, lobulated, or cystic appearances. FATWO can show a variety of histologic patterns which may result in diagnostic difficulties for pathologists. There is no single specific immunohistochemical stain for FATWO, and the pathogenesis and molecular alterations are not yet well understood. Although it is generally considered a benign entity, recurrent and metastatic cases have been reported. There are no current recommendations regarding the optimal clinical management of FATWO.