Anti-β2 glycoprotein I domain I (anti-domain I) and anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin (aPS/PT) antibodies are present in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS); however, their use in evaluation remains unclear.
Diagnostic attributes of lupus anticoagulant (LAC), anti-domain I IgG, anti-cardiolipin, anti-β2 glycoprotein I (anti-β2GPI), and aPS/PT IgG and IgM antibodies were assessed in 216 patients evaluated for APS.
LAC had the best odds ratio (OR, 14.2) while that for anti-domain 1 IgG was comparable to anti-β2GPI IgG (OR, 8.3 vs 9.4) but higher than all others. Significant correlations were observed for thrombosis (P = .03) and pregnancy-related morbidity (P = .001) with anti-domain IgG and for any thrombosis with aPS/PT IgG (P = .006). Use of noncriteria antiphospholipid with or without criteria markers did not significantly increase the probability to diagnose APS.
Noncriteria tests can contribute to diagnosis and stratification of APS but do not improve diagnostic yield. Optimal strategies for implementation require prospective investigation.