Context .- The appropriate and timely performance of molecular testing in anatomic pathology is an indicator of quality. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) publishes a comprehensive treatment guideline that includes recommendations for ancillary testing. Objective .- To establish benchmarks for rates of adherence to NCCN testing recommendations through a multi-institutional study. Design .- Participants in a 2013 Q-Probes study of the College of American Pathologists reported data from molecular testing on anatomic pathology cases, excluding hematolymphoid neoplasms, breast primary carcinomas, and gynecologic cytology. Results .- Twenty-six institutions reported data from 2230 molecular testing events. In a retrospective study limited to colon, lung, and melanoma, there was strict adherence to guidelines in a median 71% (10th to 90th percentile range, 33%-90%) and there was at least loose adherence in a median 95% (10th to 90th percentile range, 57%-100%). There was adequate tissue to complete testing in a median 98% (10th to 90th percentile range, 86%-100%); in aggregate the adequacy rate for cell blocks was lower (84%, P < .001). Median test turnaround time was 8 days (10th to 90th percentile range, 4-13 days). In a prospective collection of all organ sites, there was strict adherence to guidelines in a median 53% (10th to 90th percentile range, 20%-71%), and there was at least loose adherence in a median 94% (10th to 90th percentile range, 75%-100%). Adherence to guidelines was higher for lung specimens and in institutions with more multidisciplinary conferences. Conclusions .- This multi-institutional study provides benchmarking data on appropriateness and timeliness of molecular testing in anatomic pathology.