To the authors' knowledge, few studies to date have examined adherence to recommended guidelines for follow-up and outcomes after an unsatisfactory Papanicolaou (Pap) test (UPT) with liquid-based technologies.
Within 4 US health plans, the median time to follow-up and the percentage of patients with follow-up testing by 120 days was calculated after a UPT. Multivariable analyses evaluated the association between clinical factors and follow-up testing. The authors compared the risk of a diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia of type 2 or worse (CIN2+) after a UPT with the risk after a satisfactory Pap test while controlling for study site, test year, and other covariates.
A total of 634,644 Pap tests performed between 2004 and 2010 were included in the current study. Of 1442 UPTs, 53.4% had follow-up testing within 120 days; follow-up differed across the health plans (P<.001) and was found to be higher among patients aged <50 years (57.2% vs 48.8%; P = .01) and those with positive human papillomavirus (HPV) results (84.6% vs 53.9; P <.01). The risk of CIN2+ was similar for patients with both unsatisfactory and satisfactory Pap tests. However, after a UPT, the variables of age <50 years, having no previous history of Pap testing, having a history of a previous abnormal Pap test, and positive HPV status were all found to be risk factors for CIN2+; a positive HPV test was found to be the strongest risk factor for developing CIN2+. A negative HPV test result was protective for a CIN2+ diagnosis.
Various clinical factors associated with the risk of CIN2+ appear to influence the receipt of follow-up after a UPT. HPV test results in patients with UPTs might be used in follow-up strategies; specifically, a negative test result might reduce the urgency for repeat Pap testing.
自2004年-2010年，共对634644例宫颈液基细胞学样本（包括最新研究）进行了检测，有1442例UPS（53.4%）在120天内进行了随访检测，不同健康计划之间存在随访差异(p<.001)，研究发现，年龄<50岁者 (57.2% vs 48.8%; P = .01) ，HPV阳性者发病率更高(84.6% vs 53.9; P <.01)。UPT与宫颈液基细胞学检测结果满意者患CIN2+的风险相同，但UPT后，存在以下情况者如年龄<50岁、既往无宫颈液基细胞学检测史或既往宫颈液基细胞学检测异常者和HPV阳性者是进展为CIN2+的危险因素；HPV阳性是进展为CIN2+最重要的危险因素。HPV阴性者不会进展为CIN2+.